What is DNA?
DNA stands for Deoxyribonucleic Acid. One way to think about DNA is that it is the blue-print for life. The DNA that is present in the vast majority of cells in a person’s body determines what eye color and hair color that the person will have, how tall the person will be and to some extent the person’s temperament, as just a few examples. Just like when you are building a house, you would have a blue-print to tell you how large the living room will be, for example. Our cells also have a blue-print, which is the DNA that gives each individual person their unique traits (barring identical twins).
Inventory SAK contents
Determine what items of evidence are included in the SAK.
Sample up to 10 items (swabs or underwear) to determine if male DNA is present.
Cut up to 3 Y-screen (male DNA) positive and 1 survivor’s known samples to process.
Separates the DNA contained in the nucleus of cells.
Determines how much 1) human and 2) male DNA is present in the sample.
Process that makes millions of copies of the DNA, like a molecular photocopier.
Process that separates the amplified DNA fragments based upon their size.
Generate DNA profiles from the electrophoresis data.
Write a draft report with DNA findings (matches / exclusions / no results).
All DNA reports and data must be reviewed by another qualified analyst.
Issue a final report.
Eligible profiles are entered into the CODIS (Combined DNA Index System) database.
Generate a CODIS hit report if there is a match in the database.